It’s time to deck the halls, but the persistent global supply chain issues seem to be the grinch stealing Christmas – trees. Consumers visiting their local tree farms in search of the perfect fir may be shocked by the limited choices. While environmental factors and lack of tree planting are playing a significant role in the shortage of real trees, supply chain issues are affecting the availability of both real and artificial trees – and many other holiday goods. Timothy Brown, managing director for the Supply Chain and Logistics Institute at Georgia Tech has more than 35 years of experience in supply chain optimization and says that product delays and scarcity, as well as price increases, can be largely attributed to labor shortages, among other things.
The Who: Lack of Labor
The cost of Christmas cheer is up because Santa is in desperate need of more helpers. There are many factors affecting the flow of goods, but the most universal issue companies are seeing is labor gaps.
“Many brands are struggling with baseline production of standard items let alone trying to keep up with the peak that comes with the holidays,” Brown explains.
Consumers are not only seeing limited availability, but they are also being faced with higher prices for their holiday favorites. Brown says the cost of labor has gone up significantly, driving up the costs to shoppers. “Companies with a labor-intensive workforce are seeing higher turnover and demands for higher wages,” he continued. “In order to make a profit, companies are having to increase prices.”
Feedback from many companies has been that people are just not wanting to do certain jobs anymore. For instance, long-haul truck drivers that were once willing to spend weeks at a time away from their families are less likely to work those hours now. Brown says we are also seeing an increase of people retiring early, staying home with their children, and choosing gig-based employment. There has been a rise in people choosing jobs like ride-sharing, freelance work, and entrepreneurship because it allows for flexibility.
The How: Transportation Pileup
Your Christmas tree may be stuck on a truck, but where is the truck? The imbalance of supply and demand in shipping container movements is partly to blame. Brown says that “the cost of fuel, shortage of containers, and lack of drivers are huge barriers in getting these goods to consumers.”
The congestion seen at the ports is not only restricting the turnaround time of products but also exacerbating the labor shortage. It now takes longer to make one trip, and many drivers are quitting these jobs because it is limiting the number of turns they’re able to get paid for each shift. And companies are facing higher prices to maintain production, with the cost of containers from places like China more than doubling.
But another option for transportation is using railroad. “I get excited about the potential for expanded use of rail for container movement,” he explains. “A unit train might move 400 containers with a crew of two people, while trucking would require 400 drivers.” Using this form of transportation could improve the flow of goods and materials, but there are some day-to-day issues that come along with that. For example, it’s not uncommon for government officials to hear from constituents voicing concerns about street congestion and noise levels generated by railroad crossings.
The Why: Supply, Demand, and Everything in Between
Holiday lists are long and filled with everything from toys, to cars, to décor. Supply chain challenges can come about through constrained supply, excess demand, or disruptions in the flow from supply to demand. In a typical year, it’s not unusual to see one of these challenges. This year is unique in that consumers are simultaneously experiencing all three. Consumer demand has spiked while, at the same time, the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic are still taxing supply flows.
Brown says the issues consumers are currently seeing are unique and typically don’t happen at this scale and for this long. He adds there is little indication that some of the challenges (e.g., labor shortages) will be solved anytime soon. He predicts that simple goods, like paper and food staples, may be restored to normal flow within the next six months, but the more complex goods, such as cars and computers, could take a year or more.
Oh, Christmas tree … oh, Christmas tree, it still may be hard to find you. So, it’s best consumers start shopping early and be prepared to pay higher prices.
Tim Brown serves as Managing Director of Georgia Tech’s Supply Chain & Logistics Institute (SCL). Mr. Brown has more than 35 years of experience in supply chain optimization and strategy through work in industry operations, consulting services, and as an educator. He is responsible for strategic planning and development of executive education programs at SCL. He also serves as the liaison to on- and off-campus professional associations, organizations, and individuals regarding development and delivery of programs in support of expanding SCL’s global mission to enable supply chain professionals, businesses, and governments to transform complex supply chains, improve logistics performance, and increase competitiveness by applying education, innovation and emerging practices.