Australia First Hospital based clinic to diagnose unexplained blackouts and faints

San Hospital medical and nursing team members celebrating the opening of the new Blackouts and Faints Clinic.

A new clinic at Sydney Adventist Hospital ( known as the San) hopes to reduce the uncertainty and trauma from unexplained blackouts and faints that could be due to undiagnosed Syncope (pron. Syn-co-pee).

Presenting as a transient loss of consciousness due to a lack of blood supply to the brain, Syncope can be a sign of a range of conditions and has been attributed to twice the incidence of death in cardiac patients, serious head and hip injuries, car and work-related accidents.

One in two Australians are expected to suffer from Syncope during their lifetime and one in five will suffer recurrent episodes, making it the 15th most common cause of presentations to Emergency Care Departments, and the fifth most common cause of emergency care admissions to Hospitals.

Lack of knowledge about Syncope can result in inappropriate and expensive medical referrals and tests creating long and potentially dangerous delays to finding a diagnosis. It has been estimated public healthcare costs of Syncope exceed $127 million each year.

San Cardiologist and Clinical Director of the new clinic Dr Maros Elsik says Syncope is frequently challenging to diagnose and manage.

“Published reports estimate that 90% of people who blackout or faint don’t actually end up seeing a doctor.

When they do their Syncope may be found to be due to cardiac, neural, or due to multiple other issues, however in over 36% of cases, the cause is not successfully identified at all.

While in most cases the cause may be benign, you should not take the risk that it’s not a sign of something more sinister.

Additionally, not knowing the cause of why you are fainting, leaves people in limbo, fearful when it might happen again, a particular concern to patients aged 60 and over who seem most commonly affected.”

San Geriatrician Dr Ketan Bhatt notes the significant overlap between fainting and falling.

“Falls in the elderly are significant events that can threaten their independence and lead to injuries, loss of confidence and post-fall anxiety.

One of the more feared complications of a fall is a hip fracture, which can have a devastating impact on an older person’s overall health. Importantly, studies estimate around 7 per cent of those suffering hip fracture will die within 30 days.”

San Cardiologist Dr Peter Illes advises that correct diagnosis and management can save lives.

“We know that almost 1 in 10 cases of syncope are due to a cardiac condition and that sadly those patients have a 10% greater risk of death within 6 months of their first episode of syncope.

Thankfully however, if diagnosed with cardiac syncope, appropriate treatment measures can be instituted. These could include education about preventing or reducing it occurring, advice to start or stop certain medication, or specific treatments such as pacemakers and other cardiac interventions.

“If someone is initially sent to a neurologist they will get a lot of neurological investigations which may not actually be appropriate. The Clinic offers a screening process that means patients go down a more appropriate cost-effective investigation pathway and process.”

The Clinic is the first of its kind in Australia set up in a hospital allowing a patient the benefit of access to a range of multi-disciplinary trained medical specialists who share their expertise to diagnose and recommend treatment.

“If a patient’s diagnosis is uncertain, or their existing treatments have not reduced the frequency of their blackouts and faints, or its cause has not been diagnosed, that’s where the value of this Clinic comes into its own” says Dr Elsik.

“I believe it will reduce excessive testing and healthcare costs, shorten the time until diagnosis and give patients access to allied health services and specialised medications only available in a hospital. It will also increase opportunities for clinical research so we can improve how we help more people in the future.”

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