Australian PMI: Manufacturing stumbles into 2020

The Australian Industry Group Australian Performance of Manufacturing Index (Australian PMI®) dropped 2.9 points to 45.4 in January, a third consecutive month of contraction that marked the lowest monthly result since 2015 (readings below 50 points indicate contraction in activity, with the distance from 50 indicating the strength of the contraction).

January is traditionally the slowest month for Australian manufacturing but the start to 2020 was even slower than usual, with food & beverages the only sector to report expanding conditions.

Download full report

Ai Group Chief Executive Innes Willox said: “Australia’s manufacturers are seeing a disappointing start to this new year and new decade. Activity, new orders, deliveries, sales and exports all slowed in the last months of 2019 and this has continued into January, affecting all segments of manufacturing.

“The combined impact of global trade disruptions, slow local consumption, the residential construction downturn, drought and the ongoing bushfire crisis are taking their toll on local production this summer. Drought and fire continue to disrupt activity, reduce demand and push up prices for key inputs for food processors and other manufacturing sectors.

“Already in January, we are facing yet another new threat of global disruption and disaster, in the form of the coronavirus emerging from China. China and its Asian neighbours are key export markets for Australian food, beverages and other manufactured goods. The measures announced in response to the virus to date are timely and necessary, but they will likely dent demand for Australian manufactured exports in the short term. The resilience and flexibility of Australian manufacturers provides some comfort that they will be able to bounce back quickly, once trading conditions return to a more normal pattern of activity,” Mr Willox said.

Australian PMI®: Key Findings for January:

  • Six of the seven activity indices in the Australian PMI® contracted in January, with exports the only index reporting stability (down 4.2 points to 49.8). Production (down 3.5 points to 45.2), new orders (down 5.1 points to 43.7) and deliveries (down 8.4 points to 43.7) all contracted at a faster pace, suggesting weak business conditions for Australian manufacturers will continue into 2020.
  • Among the six manufacturing sectors in the Australian PMI®, only food & beverages expanded in January (down 0.5 points to 60.3) while machinery & equipment was broadly stable (down 1.1 points to 49.0). All other sectors contracted at a faster rate than in December (see table below).
  • Many manufacturers were closed during the harshest periods of the bushfires in early January, but those that were open reported a drop in sales, with many attributing this to adverse local weather and the bushfire crisis.
  • The input prices index accelerated by 3.0 points to 61.9 in January, but remains below the long-run average for this index of 67.7. The selling prices index slowed a further 0.9 points to 46.6, with respondents in the metals and TCF, paper & printing sectors noting that fierce global competition is reducing their ability to increase selling prices.
  • The average wages, trending down since its recent mid-2018 peak, edged higher in January (up 0.1 points to 55.2), suggesting the index may be levelling out.

View all Economic Indicators

Seasonally adjusted

Index this month

Change from last month

12 month average

Trend

Index this month

Change from last month

12 month average

Australian PMI®

45.4

-2.9

50.6

Food & beverages

60.3

-0.5

53.5

Production

45.2

-3.5

51.3

Machinery & Equipment

49.0

-1.1

49.7

Employment

48.4

2.4

48.8

Metals products

43.3

-0.6

47.5

New Orders

43.7

-5.1

51.3

Petroleum, coal, chemicals & rubber products

44.6

-2.2

51.3

Supplier Deliveries

43.7

-8.4

50.9

Building, wood, furniture & other

33.4

-3.4

50.2

Finished Stocks

47.8

3.4

49.6

Textiles, clothing, footwear, paper & printing

39.0

-0.7

46.6

Exports

49.8

-4.2

50.1

Sales

45.4

-4.8

49.2

Input prices

61.9

3.0

67.7

Selling prices

46.6

-0.9

48.1

Average wages

55.2

0.1

59.1

Capacity utilisation (%)

75.3

-2.8

73.7

Results above 50 points indicate expansion. * All indexes for sectors in the Australian PMI® are reported in trend terms (Henderson 13-month filter).

/Public Release. The material in this public release comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here.