The Annual Report details the work the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has carried out in the past year in its role as the UK’s competition and consumer authority.
The year has brought significant change for the CMA. This included reorienting its activity in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and addressing new problems that arose for consumers and businesses. The CMA also assumed significant extra responsibilities on mergers and antitrust as a result of the UK’s departure from the European Union (EU).
In total, the CMA estimates its work resulted in annual average consumer savings of at least £2 billion in 2020/21, and over £7 billion of savings to consumers in total between 2018/19 and 2020/21. This means that for every £1 the CMA spent on its operating costs, the average benefit to consumers over the past three years was £25.
Between April 2020 and March 2021 the CMA:
- Reviewed 600 mergers and acquisitions, including 38 phase 1 merger reviews and 9 phase 2 investigations, across sectors such as building and construction, pharmaceuticals, hospitals, and digital and financial services.
- Issued 8 Competition Act infringement decisions, a record number, resulting in £52m of fines.
- Secured 11 director disqualifications for competition law breaches involving roofing materials, Fludrocortisone acetate tablets that are used to treat Addison’s disease and the anti-depressant Nortriptyline, and precast concrete drainage.
- Launched antitrust cases into large digital companies including Google and Apple that would previously have been reserved to the European Commission.
- Secured commitments to refund customers over £200 million for holidays cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, through investigations into 5 major package travel companies: