Countries and investors need to step up the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) to keep future roads safe for everyone, say the United Nations partners leading a new AI for Road Safety initiative.
The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include a call for global action to halve the annual rate of road deaths globally and ensure access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport for all by 2030.
Faster progress on AI will be vital to make this happen, especially in low- and middle-income countries where the most lives are lost on the roads each year.
The AI for Road Safety initiative brings together the UN Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety and Envoy on Technology offices in a new partnership for global action with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the UN specialized agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs).
“The disproportionate toll of road deaths on developing countries is yet another example of why the benefits of new technologies must reach everyone, everywhere,” said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao. “This is the highest priority of the AI for Good movement and the main guiding light to our new AI for Road Safety initiative.”
The initiative aims to strengthen global AI efforts across the public and private sectors to improve safety for all road users, whether they travel by automobile, motorcycle, bicycle, foot, or other emerging modes of transport.
Safe system approach
AI would form part of the holistic ‘safe system’ approach to road safety, encompassing all elements of dynamic mobility.
The UN Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety, Jean Todt, said: “There is an untapped opportunity to harness AI to close the digital and road safety divide around the world. I look forward to working with private, public and UN partners to bring life-saving tools to those who need it most.”
UN Secretary-General António Guterres last year announced his Roadmap for Digital Cooperation, underlining the need for AI and other tech solutions to drive sustainable development.
AI is crucial to realise this “bold vision of the digital future that the world needs,” said Maria-Francesca Spatolisano, Assistant Secretary-General, currently heading the Office of the UN Secretary-General’s Envoy on Technology.
“Today’s initiative is a noteworthy effort to focus on practical, real-world technology issues that concretely affect peoples’ lives,” she said.
At an AI for Good webinar on Wednesday, experts shared insights on the value of AI in enhancing the safe system approach to road safety. As the system evolves, it can incorporate ongoing advances enabled by emerging smart-mobility models.
“While the world is still addressing huge challenges related to traditional transport infrastructure, developing countries should not miss the opportunity to enhance road safety through digitization and the development of data-driven technologies including AI,” said Tunisia’s Minister of Transport and Logistics, Moez Chakchouk, a keynote speaker in the webinar.
The initiative has set out to identify all influences on road safety, aiming to strengthen AI use on the road. Key uses include improving the collection and analysis of crash data, enhancing road infrastructure, increasing the efficiency of post-crash response, and inspiring innovation in the regulatory frameworks for transportation.
The safe system approach also requires equitable access to data and the ethical use of algorithms in all arenas. Many countries currently have little or no data, and no means to analyze the data they have, to identify effective road safety solutions.
How ITU supports road safety
ITU’s contribution to the AI for Road Safety initiative will build on established ITU standardization work for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), ranging from ITS radiocommunications and automotive cybersecurity to vehicular multimedia and the performance of communications involving vehicles.
It will also build on outcomes from the ITU Focus Group on Autonomous and Assisted Driving, including techniques for continuous monitoring of ‘AI driver’ behavioural performance, and the ITU Focus Group on Vehicular Multimedia, working to enable next-generation vehicle infotainment systems to improve road safety.
Applicable standards also support global vehicle regulations set out by the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), reflecting longstanding ITU collaboration with the UNECE Transport Division. For example, the global regulation on vehicle emergency calls references an ITU voice-quality performance standard (ITU P.1140).