New solution for low cost, light-weight and compact wireless transfer devices

Development of a novel power control system

A research collaboration between Associate Professor MISHIMA Tomokazu (Kobe University Graduate School of Maritime Sciences) and Associate Professor LAI Ching-Ming (National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan) has successfully developed a new power controller system for wireless power transfer. The developed system is highly precise and efficient, and the circuitry is simpler than existing systems.

This technical proposal will effectively reduce the amount of circuit components in wireless power transfer devices, as well as their cost and weight.

These research results were given online advanced publication in the international scientific journal ‘IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Industrial Electronics’ on August 6, 2021.

Main points

  • Developed: A new power transfer strategy for an electromagnetic induction/magnetic field resonance-based wireless transfer system.
  • Implemented: Resonant frequency tracking for air gap variation and misalignment between the coils.
  • Implemented: Highly precise output adjustment for load regulations by Delta-Sigma modulation.
  • Achieved and verified: Power conversion efficiency (system efficiency) improved by a maximum of 6% compared to existing technology.

Research Background

Wireless transfer systems are used to transfer electric energy in a contactless manner to the batteries inside electrified vehicles, such as automated guided vehicles in factories, electric cars, and ships. Consequently, wireless transfer systems have been gathering much attention from various fields in terms of improving the convenience of electrical energy utilization and the advancement of clean energy. In a wireless transfer system, contactless power transfer occurs between the transferring (Tx) coils and the receiving (Rx) coils. However, a large amount of the transferred power is lost if the distance (gap) between the two coils increases and they are no longer in their optimum position. To prevent power losses and reduced efficiency resulting from these occurrences, it is necessary to control electrical parameters, such as the frequency of Tx and Rx coils’ currents, in accordance with the battery capacity. Consequently, the structures of power conversion and controller devices have become more complex.

Figure 1: Research background and objectives

Figure 2: Technical issues with the existing technology and the solutions proposed by the new technology

Research Findings

To tackle the technical issue mentioned above, Associate Professor Mishima et al. have developed a novel control strategy that applies resonant frequency tracking and load impedance regulation to a high frequency inverter in the Tx side. Resonant frequency tracking automatically adjusts the operation of the high frequency inverter via the phase difference between the current and voltage of the Tx coils in a highly efficient manner. In addition, applying delta sigma transformation (a technique for processing electrical signals) into the pulse density modulation of the high frequency inverter eliminates the need for a complicated extra controller in the Rx side. In this way, the researchers developed a novel, practical and cost-effective power control scheme that enables a wireless power transfer system to be operated with high precision and efficiency from the Tx side.

Figure 3: Diagram of the main circuit and controller in the newly developed wireless power transfer system

Figure 4: Comparison with existing technology (actual efficiency)

Further Research

The researchers have successfully simplified the structure of the power conversion circuitry in the Rx side as well as the logical scheme of the power controller. This development and its experimental verification demonstrate that it is possible to reduce the number of components, which will contribute towards the implementation of highly reliable and cost-effective wireless transfer systems. For example, this technology could be especially beneficial for electric cars, drones and other such vehicles for which a light weight and compact size are important. Furthermore, the research results could also be applied to biomedical wireless power transfers for implantable medical devices such as pacemakers.

Acknowledgements

This research is based on international collaboration with Associate Professor LAI Ching-Ming of National Chung Hsing University (with which Kobe University has a departmental partnership agreement). The research received support from the Graduate School of Maritime Sciences International Collaboration Fund at Kobe University (Projects to Promote International Collaboration, 2019-2021) under the following theme: ‘Component Technology Development of a High-capacity Electromagnetic Induction-type Wireless Power Transfer System’.

Journal Information

Title
Load-Adaptive Resonant Frequency-Tuned Delta-Sigma Pulse Density Modulation for Class-D ZVS High-Frequency Inverter-based Inductive Wireless Power Transfer
DOI:10.1109/JESTIE.2021.3102445
Authors
Tomokazu Mishima (Kobe University), and Ching-Ming Lai (National Chung Hsing University)
Journal
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Industrial Electronics

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