The United Nations Secretary-General on Wednesday called on people and governments everywhere to step up efforts to protect forests and support forest communities, under increasing threat from unsustainable use of forest resources and wildlife trafficking.
“In so doing, we will contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for people, planet and prosperity”, Secretary-General António Guterres said in a message commemorating World Wildlife Day.
Forests are home to 80% of all terrestrial wildlife.
The ecosystems they sustain are essential to global biodiversity, human livelihoods & the broader needs of societies & economies globally.
— UN Environment Programme (@UNEP) March 2, 2021
Mr. Guterres highlighted the benefits of forests, home to about 80 per cent of all terrestrial wild species.
“They help regulate the climate and support the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people”, he said.
Providing livelihoods and cultural identity
In addition, forests resources support, in one way or another, about 90 per cent of the world’s poorest people, a fact especially true for indigenous communities that live in or near them.
“They provide livelihoods and cultural identity”, the UN chief continued.
However, unsustainable exploitation of forests harms these communities and contributes to biodiversity loss and climate disruption, he added.
Every year, the world loses about 4.7 million hectares of forests, an area larger than Denmark, due to unsustainable agriculture, timber trafficking, organized crime, and illegal trade in wild animal species.
“So, on this year’s World Wildlife Day, I urge governments, businesses and people everywhere to scale up efforts to conserve forests and forest species, and to support and listen to the voices of forest communities”, he said.
This year, the World Wildlife Day is being marked with the theme of Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet, underscoring the central role of forests, forest species and ecosystems in sustaining the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people globally.
The Day also recognizes the importance of forest-based livelihoods and promotes forest and forest wildlife management practices that accommodate both human wellbeing and long-term conservation of forests.
Commemorative events include a film festival and a global youth art contest, where young artists highlight the multiple global environmental crises faced by forests ecosystems and the wildlife and humans within, from climate change to biodiversity loss.
The World Day
The date also marked the day the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was adopted in 1973.