The nation’s farmers are bracing for a tough winter, after autumn rains eluded much of the country, hindering crop planting and pressuring livestock producers moving into the colder months, the latest Rabobank Rural Confidence Survey has found.
However recent widespread rainfall across Western Australia and parts of South Australia and the eastern states has offered hope of some reprieve for agricultural producers for the year ahead.
While the latest quarterly survey of 1000 Australian farmers, released today, found an uptick in overall rural confidence in the nation, sentiment remained at low levels – with the rural confidence index edging up to a net reading of -1 per cent, from -11 per cent last survey.
Rabobank Australia CEO Peter Knoblanche said while some areas of Australia had welcomed good rains in early May, many key agricultural regions had struggled through a severely dry autumn, waiting for the seasonal break to replenish well-below-average soil-moisture levels and depleted water catchments, after such a prolonged period of dry weather.
“This will have been weighing heavily on farmers as the winter cropping season began and as livestock producers moved into winter with poor pasture growth and low dam levels,” he said.
However, Mr Knoblanche said, recent weather fronts which had moved across the continent in the past week to 10 days had brought late widespread rain to much of Western Australia – offering hope to many in the state’s cropping regions – and also bringing much-needed additional rainfall to parts of South Australia and some areas of the eastern states.
“There are also a number of positives at play for the agricultural sector, including improvements in some commodity prices, such as dairy and wheat, and a softening in the currency,” he said.
The latest survey, completed last month, found the number of respondents expecting conditions in the agricultural economy to improve in the coming 12 months had risen slightly – to 27 per cent, from 22 per cent in March 2019.
The number of farmers with a pessimistic outlook fell back slightly to 28 per cent (from 33 per cent in the previous quarter), while 36 per cent indicated they expected the agricultural economy to remain stable in the year ahead.
Drought was still the primary concern for farmers. Of those who had a pessimistic outlook on the coming 12 months, drought was cited as a key concern by close to three quarters.
Mr Knoblanche said this was unsurprising with some areas of Western Australia experiencing their driest five months on record (to May) and parts of South Australia having their driest start to the cropping season in more than 100 years. And with no drought-breaking rainfall across much of New South Wales and southern Queensland.
With Rabobank forecasting a sub-20 million tonne wheat crop, based on current conditions, Mr Knoblanche said there were areas in southern New South Wales and Victoria which had received a decent autumn break and crops were emerging well.
“And other cropping regions in Western and South Australia will hopefully also now get a chance from this late break,” he said.
Although overall rural confidence remained subdued, all states except Western Australia had posted an improvement in sentiment in the survey, with Tasmania reporting the largest upswing as good seasonal conditions prevail across the state’s north.
Western Australia – after reporting stronger rural sentiment than the rest of the country in recent surveys following a bumper 2018 season – had posted a decline in sentiment, off the back of the state’s dry autumn.
Mr Knoblanche said it had been an extremely dry start to the year in WA, and farmers had been anxiously awaiting autumn rains as they entered the cropping season with severely-depleted soil moisture levels.
“However, the late arrival of widespread rains over recent days could be game changing for agriculture in the state. In particular, they’ve brought a desperately-needed late break for most cropping regions – particularly the western half of the wheatbelt – and will also have eased the pressure on graziers with regards to water,” he said.
Mr Knoblanche said there was now some potential for an average crop for some parts of the WA wheat belt.
Meanwhile Victoria, Queensland and New South Wales all reported an upswing in sentiment – albeit from a low base – and sentiment remained subdued in Queensland and, to a lesser extent, New South Wales.
Signs of an improvement in sentiment were apparent across most commodities, though with confidence remaining at subdued levels, particularly in cotton and sugar cane. Grain, however, posted a small decline in confidence, though remained the most positive sector in the survey.
In contrast, sentiment was relatively sound in the sheep sector, with 71 per cent of sheep graziers expecting conditions in the agricultural economy to improve or remain similar to last year. While in beef, confidence levels were slightly more subdued.
“For graziers, confidence is being largely held up by the market, with prices for lamb at record levels for this time of year,” Mr Knoblanche said, “and this is alongside the continued strength in mutton and wool markets.”
While in beef, young cattle prices are proving to be highly susceptible to the season, he said, rising in late March on the back of some rain, but dropping back down in May as producer demand proved insufficient to hold up prices. This trend, he said, was likely to continue into spring.
But, Mr Knoblanche said, it was the dairy sector which saw the biggest lift in confidence, albeit from low levels, signalling early signs of a recovery in dairy farmer sentiment.
“Processors have come into the market with strong milk price signals for the 2019/20 season, and while this has started to drive that lift in farmer sentiment, it has been somewhat muted by the elevated input cost environment for feed and water,” he said.
Farm business performance and investment
While farmer confidence posted some improvement this quarter, investment appetite among farmers was little changed. A total of 19 per cent of survey respondents indicated they were looking to increase investment in their farm businesses over the next 12 months, while a further 64 per cent intend to maintain investment at current levels.
Investment intentions appeared particularly strong among larger farm businesses –those with a gross farm income over $1 million – with 32 per cent of farm businesses in this category looking to increase investment.
The nation’s farmers also revised up expectations for their gross farm incomes in 2019/20.
Uptake of sensor technologies
This quarter, the survey also questioned farmers about their uptake and use of sensor technology, such as drones, moisture probes, yield mapping, EID (electronic identification) and auto drafting. This topic was last asked about in the survey in June 2017.
Mr Knoblanche said although the uptake of sensor technologies was found to have remained reasonably low, at 23 per cent of those surveyed (in line with its usage level two years ago), there were more farmers ‘looking into it’ (16 per cent, up from nine per cent). The application of sensor technology was also found to be much higher in larger farming businesses (at 45 per cent).
A comprehensive monitor of outlook and sentiment in Australian rural industries, the Rabobank Rural Confidence Survey questions an average of 1000 primary producers across a wide range of commodities and geographical areas throughout Australia on a quarterly basis. The most robust study of its type in Australia, the survey has been conducted by an independent research organisation interviewing farmers throughout the country each quarter since 2000. The next results are scheduled for release in September 2019.