Improving reproductive performance to increase productivity and profitability on-farm will be the focus of the nation’s largest research project for the goat industry, according to Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA).
The $3.7 million project is being funded through the MLA Donor Company (MDC) in partnership with the University of Queensland (UQ).
MLA Group Manager for Productivity and Animal Wellbeing, David Beatty, said there is an opportunity to increase the production of goats domestically due to their ability to adapt and thrive in a range of challenging environments.
“We’ve seen changes to many grassland and pastoral systems resulting in increased shrubs and woody regrowth, and goats are primed to take advantage of these environmental changes because of their unique abilities to digest and thrive on low quality diets containing high levels of fibre and anti-nutritional factors,” Dr Beatty said.
“Through this research, the industry will benefit from developing reproductive benchmarks for different production systems, investigating the impact that different management strategies have on reproduction performance and gaining insights into what causes kid losses among goats.”
To address these opportunities and challenges this project will:
- Identify the drivers of change in goat production systems
- Benchmark goat reproductive performance (e.g. pregnancy scanning, kid survival) across five seasons and across a range of production system types
- Demonstrate increased productivity, profitability and welfare through improved management on commercial goat farms.
Over five years, data will be captured from a minimum of 15 commercial properties and 15,000 animals. UQ and MLA will conduct regular surveys of producers to determine the drivers of change in production systems, as well as perceptions on the future of the goat industry.
Three focus groups will also be formed to contribute to engagement and development of demonstration farms in each of the production system types: extensive, semi-extensive and intensive.
Professor of Meat Science Louw Hoffman from UQ’s Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation says the goat industry is in a transformative stage, changing from extensive free range, low input systems into more intensively managed systems.
“As an animal scientist, I am excited to see and document how goat producers apply and adapt standard livestock management practices to suit the needs of their goat enterprises”, Prof Hoffman said.