NATO leaders took far-reaching decisions to continue adapting the Alliance in the first working session at the Madrid Summit on Wednesday (29 June 2022). Allies endorsed NATO’s new Strategic Concept, the blueprint for the Alliance in a more dangerous and competitive world. They also decided a ”fundamental shift in our deterrence and defence”, underpinned by increased defence investment and common funding, as well as more support to Ukraine for the longer term.
Allies further agreed to launch the NATO Innovation Fund and to set targets to cut NATO’s greenhouse gas emissions. Finally, NATO leaders took a historic decision to invite Finland and Sweden to become members of the Alliance.